The Economic Impact of Building Market and Workforce Homes in Colorado

A recent study by the Housing Policy Department of the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) looked at the economic impact of building subsidized and market-rate housing in for-sale and rental single-family and multifamily developments in Colorado.  The study analyzes data from the largest metropolitan, rural and resort areas in Colorado, covering approximately half of all housing construction statewide.

The data in the study indicates that in year-one, the economic impacts of building single and multifamily subsidized and market rate homes in Colorado provides $1.83 billion in income for Colorado residents, $515 million in taxes and other state and local revenue, and 26,500 jobs in Colorado.  The estimated annually recurring impact beyond the first year is over $335 million in income, $96 million in taxes, and 4,968 jobs.

The study concludes that home building – whether subsidized or market rate– generates substantial local economic activity, including new income and jobs for residents, and additional revenue for local governments.

Subsidized Home Building Impact:

According to the NAHB study, the one‐year estimated economic impacts of building and rehabbing 809 subsidized homes in the Denver MSA[1] include:

  • Over $89.6 million in local income
  • Over $9.2 million in taxes and other revenue for local governments
  • Over 1,078 local jobs

The additional, annually recurring impacts of building and rehabbing 809 subsidized homes in the Denver MSA include:

  • Over $16.4 million in local income
  • Over $2.3 million in taxes and other revenue for local governments
  • Over 180 local jobs

According to the study, the one-year estimated economic impacts of building and rehabbing 1,374 subsidized homes in the State of Colorado include:

  • Over $151.8 million in income for Colorado residents
  • Over $27.3 million in taxes and other revenue for the state and local governments
  • Over 2,179 jobs in Colorado

The additional, annually recurring impacts of building and rehabbing 1,374 subsidized homes in the State of Colorado include:

  • Over $33.3 million in income for Colorado residents
  • Over $7.9 million in taxes and other revenue for the state and local governments
  • Over 439 jobs in Colorado

Market Rate Home Building Impact:

According to the NAHB study, the one‐year estimated economic impacts of building and rehabbing 3,448 single-family and 2,050 multifamily market rate homes in the Denver MSA[2] in 2011 include:

  • Over $1.2 billion in local income
  • Over $246 million in taxes and other revenue for local governments
  • Over 14,000 local jobs

The additional, annually recurring impacts of building and rehabbing 3,448 single family and 2,050 multifamily market rate homes in the Denver MSA in 2011 include:

  • Over $193 million in local income
  • Over $37 million in taxes and other revenue for local governments
  • Over 2,400 local jobs

According to the study, the one-year estimated economic impacts of building and rehabbing 6,039 single-family and 2,370 multifamily market rate homes in the State of Colorado in 2011 include:

  • Over $1.7 billion in income for Colorado residents
  • Over $492 million in taxes and other revenue for the state and local governments
  • Over 24,700 jobs in Colorado

The additional, annually recurring impacts of building and rehabbing 6,039 single-family and 2,370 multifamily market rate homes in the State of Colorado in 2011 include:

  • Over $308 million in income for Colorado residents
  • Over $88 million in taxes and other revenue for the state and local governments
  • Over 4,500 jobs in Colorado

One-year impacts represent income and jobs for residents and taxes and other sources of government revenue, including permit fees.  These impacts also include both the direct and indirect impact of the construction activity itself, and the impact of local residents who earn money from the construction activity, spending part of it within the local area.

Ongoing, annual impacts represent the result of the new homes being occupied and the occupants paying taxes and otherwise participating in the economy year after year.

[1] The 10-county Denver MSA as defined by the U.S. Office of Management and Budget includes Adams, Arapahoe, Broomfield, Clear Creek, Denver, Douglas, Elbert, Gilpin, Jefferson, and Park Counties

Download the full Denver report here:  Denver-Economic-Impact-of-Subsidized-Housing

Download the full Colorado report here:  Colorado Subsidized Housing Impact

Download the Executive Summary of both reports here:  Home Builders Study Summary Final